Labrador vs Golden, The Battle of the Retrievers
If you’ve set your heart on getting a dog and whittled down your choices to a few suitable housemates.
It wouldn’t be a surprise if you found both the Labrador Retriever and Golden Retriever on your short list.
With both the Labrador Retriever and the Golden Retriever consistently being in the top 10 most popular dog breeds in both the UK and America, it can be difficult deciding between the two.
Labrador vs Golden, how do you choose? We’ve rounded up the all the relevant information in one handy place to help you choose the perfect doggy partner for you.
If you’re not a history buff you may find reading about the breed history a bit of a bore. But the history of any dog can give you vital clues to understanding the natural instincts of your dog.
For many people, looks play a major role in choosing a dog. However, this often ends up with a mismatch between what the human wants from the relationship and what the dog wants from the relationship.
Knowing what your dog was initially bred to do can help you avoid making a mistake and save both you and your new friend a lot of communication issues and distress.
The Labrador didn’t start out as the breed that we know today. Originally called the St. John’s dog after the capital city of Newfoundland where it originated in the 1700’s.
Famous for its love of water and its natural desire to retrieve, the Labrador was used by fisherman to help retrieve fishing lines, nets and ropes. What’s more, the Labrador was capable of diving under the water to recover any fish that may have escaped.
The Labrador’s great work ethic, cooperative nature and ability to withstand the icy water made it a perfect choice as a working dog.
Unfortunately, the St. John’s dog eventually became extinct in its homeland. Because during the 19th century taxes and heavy restrictions were placed on owning a dog in an attempt to encourage sheep farming.
Bitches were taxed particularly severely and a limitation of only one dog per household meant that any litters of puppies were often destroyed. What’s more, around the same time strict quarantine laws were introduced in the UK in a bid to get rid of rabies.
This had a devastating effect on the export of the St. John’s dog as the UK was the biggest importer of the breed at the time. Unfortunately, the last two known St. John’s dogs were both male and died in the 1980’s effectively ending the line.
The modern dog;
If you’ve ever wondered about your lab’s ancestry, then you can thank the work of two English Aristocrats James Harris, the second Earl of Malmesbury and Walter Scott the fifth Duke of Buccleuch. Who between them established the modern day Labrador.
The Earl of Malmesbury brought some of the first St. John’s dogs over from Newfoundland and started to breed them. He was the first to call them Labradors referring to the mainland portion of the province rather than the island of Newfoundland.
As well as being a Member of Parliament, the Earl of Malmesbury enjoyed shooting and fishing, making the St. John’s dog an ideal choice of companion.
Several years later The Duke of Buccleuch followed suit. He established a breeding kennel and bred from the original St. John’s dogs imported to Scotland.
However, it was a chance meeting between the sons of these men that began the current breeding program of the Labrador in the UK. Two male Labradors were given by the third Earl of Malmesbury to the sixth Duke of Buccleuch who bagan a breeding program with bitches that descended from the original dogs imported to Scotland by his father.
And so the Labrador as we know it now was created. The UK Kennel Club recognised the Labrador Retriever as a distinct breed in 1903 with the American Kennel Club following suit in 1917.
Golden Retrievers or Goldies as they are often called have a much simpler history than the Labrador and can be traced back to 1864 and just one man.
Dudley Marjoibanks, the first Baron of Tweedmouth wanted to produce the ultimate hunting dog. A dog that was powerful, energetic and yet kept a soft mouth to protect the game that it retrieved. What’s more, he wanted a dog that could cope with difficult terrain including marshes and rivers and was cooperative and gentle.
Lord Tweedmouth bred dogs as a hobby and kept detailed breeding records. These accounts show that the origins of the golden retriever began with cross breeding a yellow Flat-Coated Retriever dog and a Tweed water spaniel.
This Pairing produced a litter that became the foundation of the Golden Retriever breeding program. These pups were bred with Irish Setters, Bloodhounds, water spaniels and wavy-coated black coated retrievers to develop the perfect retriever.
The modern dog;
The Golden Retriever first came to the public eye when they were exhibited at the Kennel Club show in 1908. When Lord Harcourt, who is commonly believed to coin the name Golden Retriever, entered them as Yellow Flat-Coated Retrievers in the class of ‘Any Variety Retriever.;
Interest in the breed grew, but it wasn’t until 1911 that the Golden Retriever was recognised as a separate breed by the Kennel Club in England. And it took another 14 years before it was recognised in America and accepted by the American Kennel Club in 1925.
Appearance – Labrador
Labradors are medium to large dogs with an average full grown male weighing between 29-35 kg.
Typically Labradors come in one of three colours, black, yellow and chocolate. Although Silver or Red Fox Labradors are available too. However, these colours are rare and not currently recognised as a standard breed colour by the Kennel club.
Red Fox Labradors used to be very common with their dark golden or reddish coats. However, the darker colours went out of favour and breeders began to breed specifically for a much paler coat.
Silver labs are even more rare and are a result of an additional gene in chocolate Labradors that dilutes their coat colour to a silvery brown/grey.
There are actually two types of Labrador; English Labs and American Labs. English labs or ‘show labs’ tend to be stockier, with a thick tail similar to an Otter. They have broader skulls and shorter muzzles and tend to be heavier set.
American labs or ‘field labs’ have longer legs, are more athletic looking, have longer muzzles that are more pointed and look sleeker.
Despite significant variations in appearance, there is no breed distinction made by either the UK Kennel Club or the American Kennel Club. They are not considered to be different breeds just a variation of the same dog although they do come from different breeding lines.
Whether a Labrador is from a show line or working line, all Labs have webbed toes that should give you an idea of where they like to spend a lot of their time.
The Lab’s fur consists of a double coat which is waterproof. The dense outer coat has short, straight hair whereas the under layer is soft and downy.
This combination of oily outer coat combined soft, insulating undercoat traps heat and protects the dog from the chill of cold water.
Labradors shed their coats twice a year or if you are in a warmer client, regularly throughout the year.
Goldies are medium to large dogs with an average full grown male weighing between 27-36 kgs.
Golden Retrievers come in a variety of shades of yellow, from gold through to pale cream. The Kennel Club standard splits them into three categories: dark golden, gold and light golden. Although red and mahogany colours do exist too.
Just as with Labradors, Golden Retrievers are often referred to as being different types or breed lines including; English Cream, British White Golden, American Golden and the Field / Hunting Golden. Although these are not official titles there are variations in look just as there is in the different breed lines in Labradors.
Whereas the English Cream / British White Golden tend to be the palest of the three types. And are usually larger than average, with block heads and big bones.
In contrast, the American Golden are smaller dogs with sleeker heads and a lighter build. Their coats range from pale to dark gold.
And the Field / Hunting Golden sometimes referred to as the Canadian Golden has the darkest fur of all three and are on the small side but with higher energy.
Just like the Labrador, the Golden Retriever has webbed toes perfect for swimming. The Golden has a thick, long, double coat that is water resistant.
While the Golden’s outer coat is slightly wavy with feathering on the front of their necks, backs of their thighs, forelegs and tail. In contrast, their undercoat is soft and downy keeping it cool in the summer and warm in the winter.
They shed twice a year with small amounts of shedding throughout the year especially in warmer climates.
Labradors have a reputation for being even-tempered, outgoing, kind and friendly. Because of their friendly, easy-going nature, they are not the best guard dogs. They are reasonably quiet, barking infrequently.
They are ranked as one of the top ten most intelligent dog breeds in the world and their intelligence and adaptability has made them a favourite choice for search and rescue, detection and therapy work.
However, they can be boisterous, especially dogs from the working breed line and do like to chew. With voracious appetites combined with hard to resist pleading eyes are prone to obesity.
Labradors have an incredible sense of smell. This tendency to follow a scent means that they may wander off while on a walk if they find an interesting trail. However this desire to follow their nose also gives them the ability to be highly successful detection dogs.
With an excellent reputation as both a family dog and a working dog; they mature reasonably late. Because of this be prepared to have a dog behaving like a puppy until around three years of age. Patience and continual training are needed to ensure that any bad habits do not persist into adulthood.
The breed history will give you a good idea of how much they love water and most will take any opportunity to explore it. They won’t be fussy, whether it be the sea, a river or a muddy puddle any water will do. If you are a clean freak, stay away from the wet stuff, or you may want to consider a different breed!
Golden Retriever – Temperament and Characteristics
The Golden Retriever is described as kindly, confident and friendly. Although, just as with Labradors their friendly nature makes them bad guard dogs. Goldies do make good alert dogs as they will react with a very loud bark.
They are highly intelligent, co-operative and willing to please which makes them a very popular choice as a service dog as well as a great family pet.
Golden Retrievers are known for their patience and ability to focus, this coupled with their quick minds means that they are a versatile dog that can fit into many situations.
They have a love of food, so caution is needed as they are great at finding opportunities to open cupboards. And are not above stealing from the fridge.
Golden retrievers often like to carry things in their mouths and present them to you, so if you want a Golden you may want to consider not leaving anything laying around.
As their breed history indicates, Golden’s love water, they are not fussy as to what type – a muddy puddle is as good as a mountain stream. If wet dog is not on your list of the qualities you like in a dog then you may want to reconsider.
They are ranked as one of the top ten most intelligent dog breeds in the world so need mental stimulation as well as physical exercise to keep them the adaptable, even tempered and kind dogs that they are known to be.
Labrador vs Golden Health Matters
If you do choose a Labrador for your companion, you can expect to share your life with him or her for around 10 -12 years.
Despite this, there are several health issues that tend to be more common in Labradors than other dogs. Although new breeding programmes are now trying to address these issues.
Golden Retrievers also typically live between 11-12 years. Just like Labradors, Golden retrievers are prone to certain health issues, which include;
- Hip dysplasia
- Cancer, commonly hemangiosarcoma
- Progressive retinal atrophy
Although these lists may seem a bit scary, both the Labrador and Golden Retriever are generally considered to be strong, healthy breeds.
Ongoing Care – Exercise
Both the Labrador and the Golden are descendants of working dogs. And as such they need a fair amount of exercise to keep them happy.
Depending on the breed line you choose, i.e.working line or show line you will need to adjust your dog’s exercise routine accordingly. While working lines need more exercise than show lines, both are energetic dogs who enjoy a good run.
Not only will your dog need a minimum of two hours physical exercise a day they will also need additional mental stimulation to keep them happy.
If you find that your dog is being destructive, uncooperative or just plain ‘naughty’ then try upping the exercise or provide more mental stimulation as bored or under-exercised dogs often display unwanted behaviours.
However, as all dogs are different some will prefer a much longer exercise period than others. However, an hour as an absolute minimum for an adult dog is a good guideline.
Ongoing Care – Grooming
The Labrador is marginally easier to keep well groomed than the Golden Retriever. Whereas the Labrador has a wash and wear coat that needs to be brushed at least once a week to keep it looking good.
In contrast, the Golden retriever needs grooming every day to keep their feathered fur tangle free. What’s more, Goldens also need the tufts of fur between their toes trimmed to prevent any problems especially in the winter when the fur can become frozen.
Both breeds are relatively heavy shedders. In fact, they will ‘blow’ their coats twice a year with some continuous shedding throughout the year.
Grooming helps with the management of shedding and during heavy moulting periods, daily grooming with an undercoat rake will help keep your dog tidy.
At a Glance – Labrador vs Golden Retriever
29 – 35 kgs
27 -36 kgs
21.5 – 22.5 inches
20 – 24 inches
Black, yellow, chocolate and red
Dark golden, light golden and gold
Light to moderate
Even tempered, outgoing and friendly
Kindly, confident and friendly
Moderate to high
Moderate to high
Suitable as a family pet
Suitable as a working dog
10 – 12 years
11 – 12 years
Minimum 2 hours a day
Minimum 2 hours a day
Labrador vs Golden
It’s a tough choice as both dogs have excellent reputations. Not only as outstanding working dogs but also as tolerant and co-operative family pets.
Which is why both these breeds have consistently been in the top 10 most popular breeds in the UK and USA year on year. Whichever you choose you are sure to get a friendly and intelligent dog that is willing to please and is highly trainable.