Our dogs spend a lot of time sleeping. It’s essential for their health, but how do we know what is normal? How much sleep do dogs need?
Well, the answer is that it depends. Sleep requirements can vary from dog to dog, depending on age, breed, and activity level.
Is it normal for dogs to sleep all day?
Although there’s no such thing as an average dog, most adult dogs sleep for around 12-14 hours per day in any one 24 hour period. So around half of your dog’s day is spent in the land of nod. The hours of sleep they need may even be more for puppies and older dogs, with puppies sleeping away 18-20 hours throughout the day.
Dog breed can also play a role in sleeping patterns with some large breed dogs like Mastiffs and some toy breeds like the Chihuahua needing more than the average 40 winks. Also, some dogs meant for speed rather than stamina like the greyhound can be total couch potatoes.
Why dogs sleep so much?
The reason why dogs need so many hours of sleep isn’t fully understood. Although we share a similar sleep cycle with our dogs, non-rapid eye movement sleep (NREM) followed by rapid eye movement sleep (REM sleep).
The time that it takes to move through each of the stages of sleep is much quicker for our dogs. Our dogs only spend around 10% in REM or dreaming sleep, whereas we spend around 20%. Our dogs, therefore, typically have more sleep cycles per night. Whereas we have around five full sleep cycles in an 8 hour period, our dogs have around 23.
Research has also shown that in that same 8 hour period, dogs, on average, sleep for around 16 minutes before they wake for around 5 minutes. As they do this 23 times a night, it may explain why they fall asleep so often!
These brief sleep cycles may go some way to help us understand why dogs need to sleep so much. Because they sleep in a series of short chunks rather than the extended period that we have, they need a total sleep time above our own to benefit from the restorative REM period.
Why is my dog always sleepy?
If you consider that a dog needs around 12 hour’s sleep, then it becomes easier to see why it seems that dogs spend all day in bed.
If we assume that our dogs are asleep when we are, and we get an average of 8 hours of sleep. It leaves another 4 hours during the day when they need some shut-eye. Of course, our dogs don’t always sleep through the night. They are more flexible in their sleep schedule than we are.
Often we think our dogs are asleep when they are not. Around 50 percent of the day, our dogs are asleep, 30 percent they are awake but inactive, and 20 percent are awake and active. Of course, this very much depends on your dog. Not all dogs will sleep this much. Service, police, and working dogs won’t sleep much during the day.
You may find that your dog is busier and less happy to sleep all day than other dogs, and if that’s normal for them, then it isn’t a problem. Dogs vary greatly in their need for sleep, so if it’s not unusual for your dog to be active for most of the day, then it’s not a cause for concern.
Is my dog sleeping too much?
Dogs don’t only sleep because they are tired. Sometimes they sleep just because there isn’t anything else to do. Just like us, our dogs get bored. Some dogs may find their own entertainment, but others tend to spend all day sleeping.
If you think that your dog is sleeping because they are bored, then you may want to consider providing additional physical or mental stimulation. You don’t have to dedicate your entire day to your dog, but there are a few habits that will keep them active, both mentally and physically.
Varying your daily walk can be exciting for your dog. As our dogs experience their world through their nose, new smells and time to explore them exercise their minds and bodies.
Providing your dog’s meals in food puzzle toys keeps them entertained for longer than eating out of a bowl. You can improvise if you don’t have one by putting kibble in an empty carton with a few holes cut out of it and let your dog work the food out.
Even if you aren’t in a position to play fetch, you can engage your dog in a game of ‘find it.’ Hiding a few treats around the house and allowing your dog to sniff them out is an exciting and stimulating challenge for your dog.
If you are at work most of the day, then getting a friend or relative that can pop in can also help alleviate boredom for your dog. Or you can go all the way and get your dog a subscription to their own TV channel.
When you need to visit your vet
If there’s a drastic change to your dog’s sleep patterns, it may be a warning sign that something is wrong. There are various medical conditions that cause a dog to become lethargic and need to sleep more often, including;
Other factors can also contribute to a sleepy dog. It’s a natural part of a dog’s aging that senior dogs need to sleep more. Also, if you’ve had a bad night, then your dog is likely to have had one as well, so maybe catching up on some much-needed Z’s.
How much sleep do dogs need?
It varies. Our dogs’ sleeping habits depend on several things. Age, breed, and how engaged they are during the day are just a few. If your dog sleeps for 12-14 hours a day, then it’s normal, and if you’ve got a puppy or older dog, that number will increase dramatically.
Boredom does play a part in how much our dogs sleep, so if you think that your dog is sleeping when they are not tired, you can do a lot to keep them entertained. However, it’s important to understand that sleep is essential for our dogs, and they can get overtired just like we can, and tiredness can lead to a grumpy or over-excited dog when they haven’t had enough rest.
So if your dog is asleep, leave them to it. If you are worried or concerned about your dog’s sleep habits, especially if you have noticed a dramatic change, then do contact your veterinarian, who can give them a check-up and put your mind at rest.